Tensile Strength Test for Polychloroprene Rubber

● Introduction
Rubber materials are very widely used in industrial parts and general merchandise, taking advantage of the mechanical properties of elasticity and flexibility that are most characteristics of rubber.
There are many types of rubber, including natural rubber, which has been used in industrial applications since the early 1800s, and various types of chemically-produced synthetic rubber, which have become more and more common since their introduction in the 1900s.
This Application News introduces an evaluation of the most characteristic properties of chloroprene rubber, tensile strength and elasticity. Chloroprene rubber is one of the most widely used synthetic rubbers, primarily due to its excellent weather resistance, oil resistance, as well as heat resistance.
As a guideline, the tests were conducted following the operating conditions described in the JIS K6251 method (vulcanized rubber tensile test method), which is applied for the evaluation of mechanical properties of general rubber.
For the testing apparatus, the Shimadzu Autograph AG-X precision universal tester was used (Fig. 1).

Fig.1 Shimadzu Autograph AG-X Model

● Test Specimen and Test Conditions
The sample and test conditions used in this test are as follows.

(1) Sample:

Chloroprene rubber (thickness: 2 mm)

(2) Test piece shape:

Width of parallel part; 5 mm
(dumbbell shape, total length about 100 mm, distance between gauge marks 20 mm)
(JIS K6251 No. 3 dumbbell, 5 pieces)

(3) Testing temperature:

Room temperature (no particular temperature control)

(4) Load method:

Crosshead movement – constant speed, 500 mm/min (consistent with JIS K6251)

(5) Measurement conditions:

Direct measurement of test force (load cell) and elongation (soft material specimen extensometer)
Calculation of stress (official value based on initial sectional area) and strain
(official value based on distance between gauge marks)

● Test Results
Fig. 2 shows the actual test state (test piece load part).

Fig.2 Actual Test Stage Tensile Testing of Plastic Thin Film

In order to measure sample strain directly, an extensometer suitable for soft samples (SES-1000 model) was used, and the distance between the gauge marks up to the point of breaking was measured in real time.
As indicated in the load conditions, the tensile test results are shown as a stress – strain relationship (S-S curves) in Fig. 3 for the 5 samples. (The result of each sample is shifted in equal intervals in the overlay display.)

Fig.3 Tensile Test Results (Stress-Strain Cureves)

The curves demonstrate stable results with good reproducibility, both qualitatively and quantitatively. (The horizontal axis shows the measured tensile elongation between gauge marks using an extensometer.)
From these data, the typical characteristics are obtained as average values of the 5 test pieces, as shown in Table 1. Here, “100% Tensile Stress” and “200% Tensile Stress” indicate the stress when the strain between the gauge marks is 100% and 200%, respectively.

Tensile Strength

Stress at 100% Strain
Stress at 200% Strain
Strain at Break
8.02 2.86 6.37


Table 1 Test Result of Tensile Test (Average Values)

The Shimadzu Autograph AG-X is a testing apparatus that features excellent performance and ease of operation, and can be used to conduct mechanical property evaluation over a wide range of fields, not to mention those described in this testing example.
In addition, various jigs (grips, etc.) and extensometers specific to the test specimen, as well as temperature controlled baths in which the testing environment temperature can be freely set, can be flexibly combined to suit widely varying requirements.

Note) This Application News test example was conducted using JIS test conditions, however, it does not conform strictly to the conditions in every detail.

* Please be advised that data obtained before the implementation of the current Weights and Measures Law may be presented in terms of gravimetric unit.